Retinyl palmitate is a form of vitamin A used in some anti-ageing products. However, in the presence of sunlight, it can break down and produce harmful free radicals that may damage your skin.
Lead is a heavy metal that can be found as a contaminant in certain cosmetics, especially lip products. It is a neurotoxin and can be absorbed through your skin.
Coal tar is commonly found in dandruff shampoos and anti-itch creams. Prolonged exposure to coal tar has been linked to skin cancer.
Ethanolamines (MEA/DEA/TEA) are used as emulsifiers and pH adjusters in skincare products. They can cause skin and eye irritation and have been associated with hormone disruption.
PEGs are petroleum-based compounds used as thickeners and solvents. They can be contaminated with harmful substances and may cause skin irritation and allergic reactions.
Hydroquinone is often used in skin-lightening products, however, it can cause skin irritation, ochronosis (skin darkening) and potential carcinogenic effects.
Toluene is a solvent found in some nail polishes and hair dyes. It is toxic to the nervous system and can harm the developmental and reproductive systems.
Synthetic fragrances often contain numerous undisclosed chemicals, some of which can cause allergies, skin irritation, and respiratory issues.
Parabens are preservatives used to prevent the growth of bacteria in cosmetics. However, they have been linked to hormone disruption and potential breast cancer risk.
Mineral oil is a petroleum derivative commonly used in skincare as a moisturising agent. However, it can clog pores and create a barrier that prevents your skin from breathing properly.