How Your Eyes Can Indicate Other Health Issues? All You Need To Know

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Diabetes

Diabetic retinopathy causes blindness, affecting the retina's capillaries. Symptoms may not be noticeable until advanced, making routine eye exams crucial.

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High Cholesterol

Arcus senilis is a sign of ageing where a ring forms around your iris due to cholesterol buildup. However, it can indicate high cholesterol and triglycerides and is a risk factor for heart disease and stroke.

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High Blood Pressure

Blood vessel damage during an eye exam can indicate high blood pressure, a risk factor for stroke and heart disease that can also harm vision. Untreated damage can cause blurred vision and even sight loss.

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Stroke

Blood clots or blood vessel damage in the eyes due to high blood pressure can signal a high risk for stroke. Your eye doctor may perform tests to prevent it.

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Arthritis

Dry eye syndrome is the most common vision condition linked to rheumatoid arthritis, causing eye discomfort and increasing the risk of infection. Inflammatory forms of arthritis may lead to eye pain, redness, and vision issues.

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Thyroid Disease

Graves' disease, linked to hyperthyroidism, can cause eye redness, itching, muscle swelling, and bulging.

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Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis can cause optic neuritis, leading to blurred vision. 75% of people with multiple sclerosis have optic neuritis, often the first symptom. Early detection during an eye exam can lead to early treatment.

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Cancer

During an eye exam, signs of various cancers may show up, such as optic nerve swelling indicating brain cancer or ocular melanoma causing a change in eye colour.

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Brain Tumor

Brain tumours can cause pressure in the brain that affects the eyes. Optic nerve changes can be seen by an eye doctor. Other signs include loss of side vision, double vision, or changes in pupil size.

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Heart Disease

Using an imaging tool called optical coherence tomography, ophthalmologists can detect early signs of heart disease in the eyes by examining the retina and identifying microscopic marks left by an eye stroke.

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Lupus

Dry eyes and eye swelling can accompany Lupus, an inflammatory disease that may affect the white part, middle layer, or back of the eye.

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Lyme Disease

Lyme disease, transmitted by ticks, can cause inflammation and an increase in floaters in the eye. The optic nerve may also become inflamed during infection.

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Vascular Disease

Clotting and bleeding disorders can cause bleeding in and around the eye, known as subconjunctival haemorrhages, and retinal haemorrhages that can damage vision.

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Vitamin A Deficiency

Insufficient Vitamin A can lead to dry eyes and night blindness, as it affects the moisture and pigments necessary for proper eye function. It is a major cause of avoidable blindness among children globally.

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