Hyperpigmentation refers to the presence of dark patches on your skin due to an excess of melanin production. It is caused by excessive sun exposure, inflammation, and hormonal changes.
Different types of hyperpigmentation include melasma, age spots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
A toner is a liquid skincare product that should be applied to your skin after cleansing and before moisturising. It removes remaining dirt and oil, balances your skin's pH, and prepares your skin for further treatments.
Toners can help prevent and treat hyperpigmentation by balancing your skin's pH, which in turn can help reduce inflammation and the overproduction of melanin.
Choose toners containing brightening ingredients, such as vitamin C and niacinamide, to help reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation.
To treat hyperpigmentation, you can choose exfoliating ingredients like alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) and beta-hydroxy acids (BHAs). These ingredients help remove dead skin cells and promote cell turnover, resulting in brighter and more even-toned skin.
Toners containing antioxidants can also treat and prevent hyperpigmentation. Choose ingredients like green tea extract and vitamin C to help protect your skin from environmental damage and prevent further pigmentation.
To use toner for hyperpigmentation, apply a small amount to a cotton pad and gently swipe it up over the face and neck after cleansing.
Another organic and non-toxic toner to treat hyperpigmentation is pudina or mint toner. This toner cleanses your pores by eliminating excess oil and bacteria, leaving you with a brighter complexion and helping to fade pigmentation and blemishes.
To prepare your mint toner, you have to boil mint leaves in water for 5 minutes, strain the leaves, and pour the mixture into a glass bottle. After it cools down, apply it to your skin with a cotton pad, and then use a moisturiser.
Using sunscreen daily is essential to preventing hyperpigmentation, as exposure to UV rays can trigger melanin production and lead to dark spots on your skin.
Avoiding skincare products and ingredients that can irritate your skin, such as alcohol and fragrances, can help prevent further inflammation and hyperpigmentation.
Following the CTM routine is essential to taking good care of your skin. Some of us may not use a toner alongside other skincare products. But toner is important to enhance their effectiveness, especially in treating hyperpigmentation.
In addition to using toner and other skincare products, making lifestyle changes such as a healthy diet and stress management can also help you prevent and treat hyperpigmentation.