Melasma can be brought on by exposure to infrared or ultraviolet radiation.
Medications prescribed to prevent seizures can also induce melasma.
Melasma can be hereditary. A genetic predisposition may primarily influence melasma development.
Some makeup cosmetics that irritate your skin can cause melasma.
Progesterone and oestrogen-containing oral contraceptives can also cause melasma.
Melasma can be caused by LED screens in your phone, laptop, television, and tablet.
An underactive thyroid can also cause melasma.
Waxing can occasionally lead to and worsen melasma. It is best to avoid waxing if you have melasma.
Due to melasma, skin discolouration or brownish patches can appear on the forehead, chin, cheeks, neck, and bridge of your nose.
Melasma typically goes away on its own, but if it persists for a long time or forever, it is advisable to seek treatment.
Women may be affected by melasma during pregnancy, but this will fade away once they deliver their baby.
Speak with your dermatologist to learn the causes and remedies for melasma. To help them identify the causes, mention your screen time, use of birth control pills, and exposure to sunlight.
Your dermatologist will suggest sunscreens or sun-protection medications to reduce melasma, which can be caused due to sun exposure.
Your dermatologist may ask you to take foods and supplements rich in vitamins C and D, like eggs, milk, orange juice, oilfish, almond milk, and yoghurt.
Your dermatologist can also suggest some self-care for melasma, including applying turmeric paste, tomato paste, or aloe vera gel to ease melasma.