Milia refers to a prevalent skin issue that forms tiny, white-coloured cysts beneath the skin's surface.
Whiteheads are a type of acne that occurs when excess oil and dead skin cells obstruct hair follicles or sebaceous glands, forming closed bumps on the skin.
Avoid picking or removing milia as it can cause bleeding, scabbing, and scarring and may introduce germs leading to infection. For infants under six months, consult a paediatrician.
Use a gentle, paraben-free soap to cleanse your face every day, and pat your skin dry after washing to prevent chafing or drying out.
Take a hot shower, steam for 5-8 minutes to open up pores, release trapped irritants, and rinse with lukewarm water after.
Use exfoliating cleansers containing salicylic, citric, or glycolic acid once a week to prevent the overproduction of keratin. Excessive exfoliation may irritate the skin.
Topical retinoid creams containing vitamin A may be effective. Apply once a day on clean and dry skin, and use sunscreen regularly, as retinoids make skin more vulnerable to sun damage.
Wear sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher specifically designed for the face to protect against UV rays and decrease skin irritation. Check ingredients for sensitivity or allergies.
Tea tree oil is a natural remedy with antimicrobial properties that can help reduce whiteheads on the skin. Mix it with a carrier oil like coconut or olive oil and apply the mixture to the affected area.
Witch hazel contains tannins that act as an astringent, helping to clean contract skin cells and reduce inflammation due to whiteheads. It also has antiseptic properties that inhibit the growth of microorganisms, especially bacteria.
Coconut oil has antibacterial properties against the bacteria that cause whiteheads. However, it is important to ensure the skin is cleansed and dried properly before applying it.
Honey is a natural antibacterial agent that inhibits the growth of Propionibacterium acnes, a bacteria that contributes to whiteheads. Mix honey with water until it has a comfortable consistency to apply to the skin.
Aloe vera contains substances that act as an astringent that tightens skin pores and fights whiteheads with its antibacterial effect. Cut off the flat end of an aloe vera leaf and slit it open vertically to reveal the gel inside.