Alcohol consumption can lead to liver diseases such as fatty liver, alcoholic hepatitis, and cirrhosis. The liver breaks down alcohol, and excessive drinking over time can cause inflammation and scarring of liver tissues.
Regular alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of various types of cancer, including liver, mouth, throat, esophagus, breast, and colorectal cancer. Alcohol is a known carcinogen that can damage DNA and disrupt normal cell growth.
Heavy drinking can contribute to cardiovascular issues such as high blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, and increased risk of heart disease and stroke.
Alcohol impairs the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to infections and diseases. It suppresses the production of immune cells, reducing their effectiveness in combating pathogens, which can lead to increased vulnerability to illnesses.
Alcohol interferes with the absorption and utilisation of essential nutrients like vitamins and minerals, particularly thiamine, folate, vitamin B12, and zinc. Chronic alcohol consumption can result in malnutrition and deficiencies that contribute to various health problems.
Alcohol irritates your gastrointestinal tract, leading to conditions such as gastritis, ulcers, acid reflux, and gastrointestinal bleeding. It can also impair the production of digestive enzymes, disrupting proper digestion and nutrient absorption.
Excessive alcohol consumption is a significant cause of pancreatitis, which is the inflammation of the pancreas. Pancreatitis can be a severe and painful condition, potentially leading to long-term complications and affecting overall digestive health.
Alcohol abuse is strongly linked to mental health disorders such as depression and anxiety. While some may initially use alcohol to cope with these conditions, prolonged use can worsen symptoms, disrupt brain chemistry, and contribute to the development of addiction.
Alcohol impairs judgement, coordination, and reaction time, increasing the likelihood of accidents and injuries. Drunk driving is a particularly dangerous consequence of alcohol consumption, posing a significant risk to both the individual and others.
While alcohol may initially induce drowsiness, it disrupts the quality of sleep. It can interfere with your sleep cycle, leading to frequent awakenings during the night and inadequate rest, resulting in daytime fatigue and decreased cognitive function.