The Science of Under-Eye Puffiness: Causes and Treatments

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Puffy Eyes

Puffy eyes can occur due to allergies, infections, inflammation, physical irritation, or other underlying medical conditions. Excess fluid buildup in the soft tissues around the eyes, medically known as chemosis, causes puffy eyes.

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Associated Conditions

Puffy eyes can occur as a symptom of certain medical conditions or in association with more generalised conditions such as a common cold. Identifying the underlying cause of puffy eyes is essential for appropriate treatment.

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Medical Causes

Periorbital edema, also known as puffy eyes, can be caused by a range of medical conditions such as allergic reactions, skin disorders, thyroid diseases, and sinusitis, as well as conditions like periorbital cellulitis.

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Crying

Tears can irritate the eyes and cause swelling around the eyes. This can occur due to the salt in the tears that can attract water and lead to edema. The swelling usually subsides within a few hours or a day.

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Ageing

As a person ages, their body naturally loses water throughout the day. This can cause the body to retain more fluids, leading to puffiness around the eyes.

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Irregular Sleep

Sleeping too much or too little can cause fluid retention in the body, leading to puffiness around the eyes.

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Excessive Salt Intake

A diet high in salt can cause the body to retain more water, leading to puffiness around the eyes.

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Alcohol Consumption

Alcohol is a diuretic that can cause dehydration, leading to water retention in the body. Over time, excessive alcohol consumption can cause hormonal imbalances that can also contribute to puffy eyes.

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Smoking

Smoking can disrupt hormonal balance and cause fluid retention in the body, leading to puffiness around the eyes. Nicotine and other chemicals in cigarettes can also restrict blood flow and damage the skin, making puffiness more visible

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Cold Compresses

Applying a cold compress constricts blood vessels and reduces swelling around the eyes.

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Eye Creams or Serums

Specifically formulated products with ingredients like caffeine, hyaluronic acid, and vitamin C can target and reduce puffy eyes.

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Facial Massage

Gentle facial massage improves blood circulation and lymphatic drainage, diminishing fluid buildup and puffiness.

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Hydration

Drinking enough water and maintaining proper hydration levels can help alleviate puffiness.

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Lifestyle Adjustments

Adopting healthy habits such as getting enough sleep, managing stress, and avoiding excessive salt intake can reduce eye puffiness.

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