Hyperpigmentation: Here Are Some Effective Ways To Reduce It Naturally
Hyperpigmentation is a condition characterised by darkening of the skin. It can appear as patches on specific areas or affect the entire body.
Age spots, commonly known as liver spots, represent a prevalent form of hyperpigmentation.
In general, hyperpigmentation is benign, although it may occasionally stem from an underlying medical condition. Certain medications can also induce skin darkening. For most individuals, it primarily poses a cosmetic concern.
It is also characterised by the presence of tanning, dark spots, melasma, blemishes, post-inflammatory acne marks, and dark circles, which result in the skin appearing darker than its natural tone.
Hyperpigmentation arises from the excess production of melanin, the pigment responsible for determining the complexion of the skin. Factors such as excessive sun exposure, hormonal fluctuations, medical conditions, the use of inappropriate skincare products, or an inadequate diet can also contribute to the development of hyperpigmentation.
Home remedies for hyperpigmentation
Treating hyperpigmentation can be done conveniently at home using various methods including the following remedies:
Apple cider vinegar
Known for its acetic acid content, it has been found through research to potentially help lighten pigmentation.
To use apple cider vinegar remedy effectively, follow these steps:
Combine an equal quantity of apple cider vinegar and water in a container
Apply the mixture to the areas with dark patches and let it sit for two to three minutes
Rinse off the solution using lukewarm water
Repeat this process twice a day until you achieve the desired results
Aloe Vera Gel
Aloe vera gel is enriched with aloin, a naturally occurring depigmenting compound proven to be a reliable and harmless remedy for hyperpigmentation. Here's how to use it:
Before going to bed, apply pure aloe vera gel to the areas of your skin with hyperpigmentation
The following morning, rinse off the gel using warm water
Repeat this process daily until you notice an improvement in your skin colour
Red Onion (Allium Cepa)
Red onion extract is used as a component in certain commercially sold creams designed to lighten the skin and reduce the appearance of scars. Studies have demonstrated that the dried skin of red onions possesses the ability to effectively lighten the skin. If you are seeking creams for hyperpigmentation, it is advisable to search for products containing Allium cepa and use them according to the instructions.
Green Tea Extract
Applying green tea extract on the skin has a depigmenting effect. Here's how to use it:
Place a green tea bag in freshly boiled water and let it steep for a duration of three to five minutes.
Take out the tea bag from the water and allow it to cool down to avoid any risk of burning your skin
Gently rub the cooled tea bag over the dark spots on your skin
Repeat this process twice a day until you observe desired results
Black Tea Water
Black tea water is found to have the ability to lighten dark spots on guinea pigs. The study involved applying black tea water twice a day, six days a week, for a duration of four weeks.
If you'd like to try this treatment for hyperpigmentation at home, follow these steps:
Take a cup of boiling distilled water and add a tablespoon of fresh black tea leaves
Allow the tea leaves to steep in the water for two hours, then strain the mixture to remove the leaves
Take a cotton ball and soak it in the tea water
Apply the soaked cotton ball to the areas of hyperpigmentation twice a day
Repeat this process every day for six days a week, continuing for four weeks
Milk-based products such as milk, buttermilk, and sour milk have effectively reduced skin discolouration. The active ingredient behind this skin-lightening effect is lactic acid.
To use any of these options for treating pigmentation:
Immerse a cotton ball in the milk
Gently apply it to the areas of darkened skin twice a day
Repeat this process on a daily basis until you observe visible results
Orchid extracts have been found to be equally effective as vitamin C in treating hyperpigmentation. A study revealed that applying skin products enriched with orchid extracts for eight weeks resulted in noticeable improvements in the size and appearance of dark patches.
To experience the benefits of orchid extract, you can purchase various skincare products such as masks, creams, and scrubs that contain this ingredient.
Red lentils, also known as masoor dal, are commonly used in homemade face masks for treating hyperpigmentation. While there is no scientific evidence supporting these claims, red lentils are known to contain antioxidants that are beneficial for the skin.
To create your own masoor dal mask:
Overnight soak around 50 grams of red lentils in a bowl of water
Use a blender or food processor to blend the soaked lentils into a fine paste
Apply the paste evenly onto your face and allow it to sit for 20 minutes
Rinse off the mask with cold water and gently pat your skin dry with a towel
Typically, hyperpigmentation is more of an aesthetic issue rather than a medical one. Numerous home remedies can assist in reducing the appearance of dark patches on the skin. If you have concerns about your skin pigmentation or suspect that an underlying medical condition or medication is causing your skin discoloration, it is advisable to consult with your doctor.
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